RN vs BSN: A Guide to Understanding What Degree You Need

What is a RN?

A registered nurse (RN) is a nursing professional who medically treats patients and provides educational and emotional support for those individuals and their families. Most registered nurses work within a specific area of care including – but not limited to – pediatrics, oncology, neonatology, and geriatrics.

What is a BSN? 

You might be wondering, “What does BSN stand for?” A BSN is a bachelor’s degree of science in nursing and is a four-year program for students who seek to become a registered nurse, or those who already are a registered nurse and have an associate degree in nursing. Many RNs will enroll in BSN programs to further their education in the nursing field from an associate degree to a bachelor’s degree.

RN vs BSN: Education Requirements

Despite the two different categories of education level for a registered nurse, both are required to to pass the NCLEX exam in order to become a licensed nurse.

In order to become a registered nurse, you must obtain an associate degree (ADN) and be working within the medical field, usually under a specific specialty. An RN has also passed their state board exam (NCLEX-RN) and has completed their licensing requirements set in place by the state they work in.

A BSN is another classification of registered nurse that is defined by their higher education status. To receive a bachelor’s degree of science in nursing, you must either have completed your associate degree in nursing or have committed to the four-year program to graduate with the BSN degree from your undergraduate curriculum. 

What is the Difference Between RN and BSN? 

Now that we’ve defined RN and BSN, you may be wondering, “Is BSN the same as RN?” or “Is BSN higher than RN?” The main difference between an RN and a BSN is the level of education someone has received. A registered nurse is able to practice within their field with only an associate degree, but a BSN is the preferred level of education for many nurse specialties throughout the medical career landscape. 

Can You Become a RN Without a BSN?

There are many paths one can take to become a registered nurse. The only requirement for RNs to officially practice medicinal care within their field is that they must pass their NCLEX exams. An RN can either have their ADN or BSN degrees, although a BSN degree is preferred. 

Pros & Cons of Becoming a RN with an ADN 

One of the highlights of becoming a registered nurse with an associate degree in nursing (ADN) is that you are able to obtain a degree that qualifies you to take the NCLEX in a shorter amount of time than if they were to go for a BSN degree. An ADN degree takes two years of study to complete, whereas a BSN degree will take four-years to complete. 

Along with the shorter amount of time to obtain an ADN, this also allows RNs to get practical experience by entering the workforce sooner than if they were to go for their BSN degree from the start of their undergraduate education. Beginning a career in any nursing field will allow you to get hands-on experience and will allow you to begin making more money that can aid in future schooling expenses, if you decide to pursue your BSN. 

A downside to only completing an RN associate degree in nursing is that many employers are looking for nurses who have their BSN degree since it is a higher level of education. A BSN degree allows individuals to having more training within the specialty field they are looking to work in, as well as gives employers the peace of mind that their employee fully understands what is required of them to give optimal care to their patients. 

Pros

Cons

Less time in School

Less available jobs

More work experience

Make less money

Make money sooner

Future may require BSN degrees

Pros & Cons of Becoming a RN with a BSN

A registered nurse (RN) who holds a bachelor degree of science in nursing has more job opportunities than a RN with only an associate degree in nursing (ADN). Since there are more job prospects for registered nurses with BSN degrees, the level of their pay also increases due to the demand for BSN graduates. Along with more job opportunities for BSN graduates, the future of nursing may soon require BSN degrees over ADN degrees for practicing nurses. 

Pros

Cons

More available jobs

More time spent in school

Better trained in specialty areas

More money to go to school

Make more money

Less working experience

Career Options for RNs

Register nurses have vast options for career choices based on the specialty of care they seek to work within. RNs are able to take their medical training and apply it to numerous fields, depending on their preference of care. Some career options for RNs include travel nurse, nurse practitioner, emergency room nurse, or nurse manager. You can read a list of the 20 fast-growing nursing fields here. (https://www.gmercyu.edu/academics/learn/types-of-nurses) 

Check out the charts below for a comparison of associate degree RN vs BSN salary averages for different career options.

Careers for RN with ADN 

The careers that are available for registered nurses (RN) with an associate degree in nursing include positions in hospitals, outpatient care centers, home healthcare services and doctor’s offices. Duties for registered nurses with an ADN range from maintaining health records, assisting patients with their daily care, monitor patient health statuses and giving basic nursing card to treat injuries and illnesses.

Job Title

Average Salary

Job Growth Projections

Critical Care Nurse

$71,694

29% increase

Cardiac Nurse

$67,490

16% increase

Geriatric Nurse

$66,169

19-26% increase

Careers for RN with BSN

There are more career options for registered nurses who have a bachelor of science in nursing than those without this degree. Some of the most popular jobs for BSNs include pediatric nurse, surgical nurse, gynecological nurse and hospice nurse. On average, how much do RNs make with a bachelor degree in nursing? Check out the table below to find out!

Job Title

Average Salary

Job Growth Projections

Nursing Administrator

$96,540

20% increase

Orthopedic Nurse

$76,282

26% increase

Informatics Nurse

$83,000

9% increase

RN vs BSN - Deciding Which is Right for You

Some people wonder is BSN higher than RN. While there are many career opportunities for both RN and BSN, the decision on which one to choose comes down to personal preferences regarding time and work experience, as well as future career goals. Completing a BSN degree gives you an advantage over available job prospects in both the short-term and long-term outlook, while obtaining an ADN allows you to get registered as a nurse and work experience two years earlier.

There are also accelerated BSN programs available, such as GMercyU’s Weekend BSN and Accelerated Bachelor of Science in Nursing (ABSN) programs, which are tailored for individuals who earned their ADN or other undergraduate degree and are looking to pursue their BSN.

Whether you decide an RN or BSN is right for you, GMercyU has you covered with our outstanding programs and faculty who will guide you every step of the way. Learn more about our nursing programs today!


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics
Source: Nurse Journal
Source: Nursing Licensure