A Complete Guide to Accelerated Bachelor of Science in Nursing (ABSN) Programs
- What are Accelerated Nursing Programs?
- Who are ABSN Programs Designed for?
- BSN vs. ASN: What’s the Difference?
- Benefits of an Accelerated Nursing Program
- Prerequisites for Accelerated Nursing Programs
- What You Can Learn in an Accelerated Nursing Program
- Accelerated Nursing Program Career Outcomes
- Online Accelerated Nursing Program Options
- Accelerated Nursing Program FAQs
- Glossary of Accelerated Nursing Terms
If you are interested in making the change to a nursing career, then you are probably interested in Accelerated Bachelor of Science in Nursing (ABSN) programs. The ABSN degree path can help you gain the skills and knowledge you need to enter the nursing profession and become a registered nurse (RN), and it can do so in a short time frame.
This guide offers an overview of accelerated nursing programs, including who they are designed for, the benefits of taking an ABSN program, and what to expect in an ABSN course.
Accelerated nursing programs (sometimes also called “second degree nursing programs”) are specifically created for students who already hold a bachelor’s degree in another field. Students entering an accelerated nursing degree program receive transfer credit for their general education and prerequisite science coursework from their previous bachelor’s degree.
ABSN programs can be completed in a shorter amount of time than a traditional undergraduate bachelor’s degree—generally one to two years. The coursework taken in the ABSN is focused on nursing topics and on clinical experience, and the program also prepares students for the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN), which all nurses must earn in order to become a registered nurse (RN).
ABSN programs are designed for adult learners who already hold a bachelor’s degree in another field. There are numerous scenarios in which someone may be interested in pursuing an ABSN degree.
These include individuals who:
- Are looking for a fulfilling career which helps others
- Want to make a quick career change
- Want to enter a field with a growing job market
- Are ambitious and extremely motivated
- Would like to be employed as a nurse as soon as possible
Admissions Requirements for Accelerated BSN Programs
To apply to an accelerated nursing program, you need to meet certain requirements.
Academic requirements include:
- A baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited college or university, or foreign equivalent
- A cumulative GPA of at least 3.0 on a 4.0 scale
- Laboratory and health science prerequisite courses (see “Prerequisites for Accelerated Nursing Programs” below)
Personal and health requirements include:
- Language tests to demonstrate proficiency in English if it is not your first language and your original bachelor’s degree was not taught in English
- Completing a criminal background check
- Passing a drug screening and child abuse clearance
- Obtaining or providing proof of up-to-date immunizations, including a current flu shot and tuberculosis test
You will also need to purchase and maintain a student nurse liability insurance policy throughout your program.
You may be wondering why you shouldn’t just enroll in an Associate of Science in Nursing (ASN) degree program. ASN programs take about two years and prepare students for the NCLEX-RN licensure exam, just like an accelerated BSN program does. However, a BSN confers several advantages over the ASN.
The chief advantage of earning a BSN instead of an ASN is that you have more education, are better trained, and will have more job opportunities. Earning your BSN will increase your competitive advantage in the workplace. It also expands your potential salary range.
Salary Advantage: BSN vs. ASN
Salaries for nurses vary greatly across the country, but generally speaking, a new nurse with a BSN looking for his or her first job can expect to earn more than a new ASN-qualified nurse. Recent surveys from various states show an advantage for BSNs that can range from $2,000-$6,000 more per year at entry level.
The chief advantage comes with the potential for advancement. Many roles in management, case management, research, and training require applicants to hold BSN degrees. Graduate nursing degrees also require BSNs as a prerequisite.
Accelerated nursing programs offer many advantages over traditional degree programs. These advantages include:
- No prior health care experience required
- Accelerated degree completion time
- Opportunity to enter an in-demand career field
- Graduates hold the nursing qualification employers prefer
Accelerated nursing programs often require applicants to have completed prerequisites in science, mathematics, and health topics. Some students will have taken these courses during their first undergraduate degree. Others may need to re-take or complete prerequisites before enrolling in an ABSN program.
Students most often have to take nursing prerequisites when they:
- Graduated from their first bachelor’s degree program more than five years ago
- Did not take a nutrition course taught by a registered dietitian
- Did not take laboratory science courses as part of their original major
An enrollment advisor will be able to help you determine which prerequisites, if any, you need to take before beginning nursing classes as part of an accelerated nursing degree.
Prerequisites that may be required include:
- Developmental Psychology
- Anatomy & Physiology I
- Anatomy & Physiology II
- Chemistry I (Only necessary for students who did not take an undergraduate chemistry course)
- Chemistry II (Organic Biochemistry)
At GMercyU, we offer nursing prerequisite courses online with in-home laboratory kits for hands-on learning.
Earning a BSN as your first nursing qualification sets you up for positive outcomes in your nursing career. In 2010, the Institute of Medicine issued a recommendation that 80% of the nursing workforce have a BSN by 2020. This is because multiple studies have shown that patients treated by BSN nurses have better health outcomes, including fewer post-operative blood clots, fewer pressure sores, and lower mortality. Better patient care often leads to lower health care costs, which is a key concern for hospitals and clinics of all sizes.
Next, hospitals and other employers increasingly prefer to hire nurses with BSN degrees, and some, like the Veterans’ Administration and the U.S. Armed Forces, require new hires to have one. A recent Payscale.com analysis of 187,000 nursing job openings found that nurses who hold a BSN would qualify for 88% of the positions, while nurses with only an associate degree would qualify for 51%.
ABSN Job Titles and Salary Potential
With experience and professional development, a BSN degree can take you to some of the highest-paid nursing occupations in the health care industry.
26% by 2020
26% by 2020
26% by 2020
Obstetric and Gynecological Nurse
26% by 2020
RN Specializations with a BSN
RNs who hold BSN degrees can enter nursing practice specialization areas, which offer the opportunity for interesting and fulfilling work as well as the chance to develop specialized, in-demand skills.
These specializations can include:
- Specialized populations, such as pediatrics, gerontology or neonatal nursing
- Specialized conditions or areas, such as psychiatry, oncology or cardiovascular nursing
- Specialized functions, such as genetic counseling or public health nursing
Nurses who hold a BSN may also qualify to work as school nurses, travel nurses, case managers, nursing managers or clinical supervisors who monitor nursing students during clinical placements.
Long-Term Career Advancement with a BSN Degree
In addition to giving you a competitive edge with employers and a skill set that can lead to better patient care, earning a BSN degree sets you up for graduate nursing education in the future.
After you have gained nursing career experience and explored the specializations which interest you, your BSN can qualify you to pursue a Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) and possibly even a Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) degree.
With an MSN degree, you can qualify for licensure as an advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) in specialties including:
- Clinical Nurse Specialist
- Family Nurse Practitioner
- Nurse Educator
An MSN degree can also equip you for management and administration roles in hospitals and health care systems. Having the option to earn an MSN or other graduate degrees down the line is yet another advantage of earning your BSN in an accelerated program.
An accelerated BSN teaches the essential skills and knowledge you will need to start your nursing career ready to provide superior patient care. The curriculum in these programs combines classroom instruction, laboratory and simulation experience, and clinical rotations in local health care facilities.
You will learn a combination of health science and nursing practice theory, research skills and hands-on practical clinical skills. Courses will also address professional ethics, technology, and health policy.
What You Will Be Able to Do
At GMercyU, we aim to produce BSN graduates who are ready to take on leadership roles as they gain experience as well as prepared to provide superior clinical care. When you complete our accelerated nursing degree program, you will be ready to:
- Synthesize knowledge from the humanities, natural and behavioral/social sciences with current nursing knowledge as a basis for nursing practice
- Formulate nursing decisions which reflect consistency with moral, ethical and legal principles
- Use current professional standards to evaluate nursing practice of self and other members of the nursing team
- Collaborate with other health care providers and consumers in promoting the health and well-being of individuals, families, and communities
- Demonstrate responsibility and accountability for direct and/or indirect nursing interventions and their outcomes
- Refer individuals, families, and groups to appropriate community resources
- Use evidence-based nursing practice to improve the health of individuals, families, and communities
- Communicate effectively with diverse groups and disciplines
- Function as a leader within nursing and interdisciplinary health teams in a variety of settings
- Use the role of advocate to facilitate access to health care
- Create a healing environment through the therapeutic use of self when caring for individuals, families, and communities
- Analyze the nursing care environment using technical knowledge and skills
Coursework for an Accelerated BSN Degree
Accelerated BSN programs present nursing courses over a shorter timeframe than four-year programs. At GMercyU, our ABSN program takes place over four semesters for a total of 16 months. The course progression for 2018-2019 is:
First Semester - 20 credits
- Introduction to Professional Nursing
- Fundamentals of Nursing Practice
- Health Assessment in Nursing
- Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing
- Nursing Care of Adults
- Pathophysiology & Pharmacology
- Integrated Concepts
Second Semester - 16 credits
- Nursing Care of Women, Children & Families
- Nursing Care of Adults with Complex Health Care Problems
- Contemporary Issues in Professional Nursing
- Nursing Care of Clients w/ Alteration in Behavioral Health
Third Semester- 17 credits
- The Older Adult
- Genomics in Nursing
- Health & Illness in the Community
- Nursing Research
- Morality and Contemporary Health
Fourth Semester - 14 credits
- Leadership & Management in Professional Nursing
- Synthesis of Learning for Nursing Practice
- Global Health & Health Policy
- Nursing Elective
After completing your degree, you will need to take and pass the NCLEX-RN examination and register with your state in order to be licensed to practice. State licensing laws vary, so check with your state’s nursing board so you understand what is required.
You can also ask your nursing instructors, program directors, or clinical education coordinators for more information about how to obtain your license in your state.
Online Accelerated Nursing Programs are becoming more and more popular for adults interested in the health care field, who want to expand their knowledge past their bachelor’s degree but need the flexibility and convenience of an online education.
With that in mind, many institutions have implemented online ABSN programs to help adult learners earn their second degree while still being able to manage their everyday obligations, such as family and work. These programs offer most theory classes online to cut down the amount of time spent on campus. However, students will still need to attend laboratory classes, simulation sessions and clinical experiences in person.
One of the great things about online Accelerated Nursing Programs is that they do not just consist of video lectures and PowerPoints that require heavy reading and notetaking. Today’s technology allows institutions to incorporate interactive simulations that expose students to situations they could encounter as a nurse.
How long do accelerated nursing programs take?
Accelerated nursing programs can typically take anywhere from 12-18 months to complete. An individual’s time frame will depend on whether he or she needs to take prerequisite courses before beginning the nursing curriculum.
Can I get a BSN without being an RN first?
Yes, you can obtain your BSN without holding an RN license first. The entire rationale behind ABSN programs is to allow people new to the health care field to enter nursing practice. Therefore, you can apply to enroll in an accelerated BSN after earning your bachelor’s degree in another field.
Will a BSN be required in 2020?
No, but it will confer a significant career advantage for nurses who have one. The Institute of Medicine’s recommendation to have 80% of RNs qualified with BSNs by 2020 is not binding or a legal requirement. There is as of yet no legislation in effect in any state to require nurses to hold a BSN as a minimum requirement for practice. The ASN is not being phased out, although employers increasingly prefer BSNs.
Some states have considered so-called “BSN in 10” laws, which would require ASN-qualified nurses to earn a BSN within 10 years of initial licensure in order to maintain the right to practice as an RN. So far, New York is the only state to pass a BSN in 10 law, which became effective January 1, 2018. Some employers may have internal policies which require new hires to hold a BSN or which require current nurses who only hold an ASN to upgrade to a BSN within a certain time period in order to keep their jobs.
- ABSN - Accelerated Bachelor of Science in Nursing
- ASN - Associate of Science in Nursing
- BSN - Bachelor of Science in Nursing
- Clinical rotation - Required hands-on experience shadowing and performing nursing duties under the supervision of a qualified nurse educator or clinical supervisor.
- Fast track - A course or program that is completed more quickly than traditional courses/programs
- NCLEX-RN - The National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses; the national examination all nursing students must take in order to be licensed to practice in the US.
- RN - Registered nurse; a nurse who holds a national certification to practice
- Second degree - A program that allows students to transfer general education and prerequisite courses from a previous degree in order to earn a second degree